Dundee

Dundee location in Scotland
Population: 143,090

Dundee is known as the City of Discovery in honour of the scientific achievements made in the city and the Antarctic exploration vessel the RSS Discovery which is now permanently berthed there.

Dundee has a long history stretching back to the Picts when the city was known as Alectum. The name Dundee was adapted from the Gaelic Dun Deagh which means "Fort of Fire". The city was made a royal burgh in 1191 and has been the site of many battles over the centuries. In the 16th century a wall was constructed around the city to defend it from the relentless English attacks.

The industrial revolution saw huge population growth in Dundee and during the early 20th century it became known for "jute, jam and journalism". The city also had a thriving shipbuilding industry for a while. The decline in manufacturing which affected so many industrial cities during the 20th century had a devastating impact on Dundee leading to dramatic increases in poverty and unemployment.

Through investment in new industries the city has recovered to some extent but remains fairly run down, poverty is still a problem for many Dundonians. The modern city does also have a reputation for biomedical and technological industries such as game development and the unusually high student population accounts for nearly 15% of the total make-up of the city. Dundee is an interesting mix of new and old and there are many attractions worth visiting so it should come as no surprise that it attracts a large number of tourists every year.