Falkirk location in Scotland
Population: 32,890

Falkirk has long been an important strategic spot on the road north from Edinburgh. In 142AD the Antonine wall was built running right through the site of the present day town although there was probably no settlement there at the time. The town was founded around a church and in fact the name Falkirk (Faw Kirk) means "speckled church".

In 1298 William Wallace fought his last major battle here and was defeated by Edward I. From the 14th to the 18th century the Livingston family were the local nobles and they lived in the Callendar House, an impressive mansion where Queen Mary stayed in 1563. The second battle of Falkirk took place in 1746 when the Jacobites were soundly beaten.

Falkirk was an agricultural market town and in the 18th century cattle trading was important here. The town later became an industrial centre for heavy industry, such as iron and steel, largely due to its location at the junction of the Forth and Clyde Canal and the Union Canal.

More recently the canals have been revived and the Falkirk Wheel was constructed in 2002. As the only rotary canal connector in the world it attracts a large number of visitors each year and is well worth a visit.

Falkirk Wheel Falkirk Wheel Falkirk Wheel