Glasgow

Glasgow location in Scotland
Population: 1,749,154

Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland. The city became an important economic centre in the 18th century when trade with America really took off. During the industrial revolution Glasgow became world famous for the shipbuilding yards on the River Clyde.

Glasgow became an important bishopric in the 12th century and was granted burgh status by King William. The University of Glasgow was founded in 1451 and the city became an archbishopric in 1492. However even in the early 18th century the population was only around 15,000. It wasn't until the growth of the British Empire that Glasgow really took off.

In the late 19th century the population of Glasgow grew to over 1 million; Glasgow was only the third European city to reach this size after Paris and London. Glasgow was an important industrial centre producing textiles, engineered goods and steel for export. The city became world famous for its shipbuilding industry and the wealth garnered through trade allowed for some impressive building projects which still stand out in the city today.

In the 20th century Glasgow fell upon hard times, the impact of two world wars, the great depression and the general decline of the British Empire led to widespread unemployment and poverty. The city developed a bad reputation as a place of violence and poverty. Towards the end of the 20th century a number of regeneration projects revamped many areas of the city and it was named the European City of Culture in 1990. Today Glasgow is a vibrant city great for shopping and nightlife.